Späť do kuchýň, kostolov a k deťom. Ženy počas autonómie 1938 – 1939

Back to the Kitchens, Churches and Children. Women during the Period of Autonomy, 1938 – 1939

The status of women living in modern day Slovakia has significantly changed since the establishment of the Czechoslovak Republic. Women have gained civil rights and freedoms as well as the right to vote. Following the declaration of autonomy, the process of the elimination of democratic rights and freedoms had emerged as the establishment of a model for an authoritarian state was implemented. The ruling conservative political elites of the HSĽS (Hlinka’s Slovak People’s Party) fully disclosed their views on the so-called natural role of womankind. Being a Catholic priest, Jozef Tiso based his definition of the status of women on the Christian model. He very clearly saw her role as holding a position within an organized Christian family, alongside her husband while focusing on raising their children. Given this notion, the issue of employment for married women was a subject within the debate concerning the future of education for girls. The government thoroughly opposed co-education at secondary schools. The article focuses on an analysis of the role of women in the autonomous Slovakia. Besides both the political and social roles taken by women, great emphasis was put on the contemporary ideas, stereotypes and norms related to women as well as on their opinions on the on-going processes and the contemporary campaign for the dismissal of married women from their employment and their return to family life.