Pressburg

The Oldest Patriciate of Medieval Bratislava: Noblemen or Burghers?

Šedivý, Juraj

The oldest preserved seal of the Pressburg Burghers is attached to a charter from 1302; the words SIGILLVM CIVIVM IN PRESPVRCH can be seen in its circular inscription. The seal was probably made in the second half of the 13th century and provides evidence of a common identity of the burgher community. However, who were these "cives" mentioned in the inscription when this seal was made? From which social classes did the town political elite arise that made crucial decisions on behalf of the entire community around 1300?

Language and Ethnic Plurality in Medieval Pressburg/Bratislava: Reality or a Modern Representation?

Šedivý, Juraj

Ethnic and linguistic plurality was typical for Bratislava inhabitants in the period between the two world wars. Was this plurality valid also for the inhabitants of medieval Pressburg? The majority of Slovak medievalists support the model of "gradual ethnic plurality"- at the beginning at Slovak extramural settlements Hungarian guard settlements started to be formed in the 10th century, in the 12th century German and Romance-speaking settlers came and the German speakers had Germanized emerging towns in Upper Hungary since the 13th century.

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