Social Situation and Political Conflict of University and College Students in Slovakia in the 30's of the 20th century


The study focuses on the social situation at Slovak university in the 30's of the 20th century, and especially the question of how academics, namely active functionaries of student associations, tried to solve this complex and complicated issue themselves. Poor social status in academic circles, high tuition fees or accommodation costs, its planned increase, the lack of accommodation facilities and few possibilities for getting a job after graduation, were all factors that influenced the growth of discontent among the university student population and in some cases led to radicalism. The tensions between students and government institutions increased especially after the second half of the 30's. Solutions to the emergency situation were largely under the influence of political interests. Academic and national institutions were sceptical of the submitted solutions, which often resulted in negative discussions among academics themselves. Therefore the social status of university students logically reflected the political situation in Slovakia, which at that time was also radicalized.