Czechoslovak Republic

Stanislav Kostlivý and Konštantín Čársky – the Elite of Slovak Surgery

Falisová, Anna
Ozorovský, Vojtech

Following the dissolution of Austria-Hungary and the establishment of Czechoslovakia, Slovak society was struggling from a severe lack of professional elites. A considerable portion of civil servants, academics and pedagogues rejected the new regime and left Slovakia. By examining the cases of two significant figures of medical science (surgery), S. Kostlivý and K. Čársky, this study introduces some key difficulties affecting the establishment of this discipline during inter-war Czechoslovakia. S. Kostlivý was among the founders of Slovak surgery, K.

The Slovak Christian trade union movement in social dialogue and confrontation

Katuninec, Milan

The following study deals with the activities of Christian Social Workers' organizations and Christian trade union movements operating in Slovakia in the first half of the 20th century. The Social Democratic Party of Hungary had gained a dominant position in the trade union movement in Hungary. Discrepancies between the Slovak Social Democrats and Catholic priests were weakened by their common interest in improving the social status of the Slovaks. The Social Democrats also became the strongest political group in the First Czechoslovak Republic.

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